A liveryman is a full member of their respective Company. The term livery originated in the specific form of dress worn to retainers of a nobleman and then by extension to special dress to denote status of belonging to a trade. When a Freeman becomes a liveryman, the candidate is said to be ‘enclothed’: indeed, a livery gown is placed on them at the Court and they are seen at the next formal or social occasion wearing it.
Thereafter only the master, wardens and assistants in companies are seen wearing these at company events. The masters wear them at the City’s formal events, e.g. the two Common Halls and the United Guilds Service, and Lord Mayor’s Show, wherever they may participate. Ordinarily, liverymen wear ties at formal functions and each company differs by allowing women to wear distinct items subject to occasion, such as a scarf or brooch. Freemen are expected to advance to become liverymen by a vote of the Court of the Company.
Liverymen no longer have any local authority franchise in the City, but retain the exclusive right of voting in the election of the Lord Mayor of the City of London (Michaelmas ‘Common Hall’ 29 September) and for the Sheriffs (Mid-Summer ‘Common Hall’ 24 June) held in Guildhall as a ceremonial occasion. The votes are made by ‘acclamation’ subject to a challenge/demand from the floor for a ballot which would be held a week later. Any two liverymen may nominate a candidate for the Freedom of the City.